In Central Greece and particularly in the North Western part of Thessaly, where its vast plains end, rise the majestic and gigantic rocks of Meteora, the height of which rise about 300 meters or more. These are a true spectacle as these create the impression of being suspended in the air between sky and earth, thus their given name.
No formal reference of the forming of these gigantic rocks exists. However the theory based on the German geologist Philipson is the most prevailing one. According to this theory, a large river had its estuary in this area, which for years was covered by a deep part of sea. The river waters deposited sediments stones and several materials.
As a result deltaic cones were formed by the accumulation of these materials breaking into smaller ones.After some geological changes during the centuries, the central part of today’s Greece rose resecting the Thessaly plain to immense in water creating a lake. Later, the opening of Tempi was created, resulting in the pouring of the waters in today’s Aegean see as well as the emergence of the Thessaly plain. Over the passing of centuries these rocks took their present form, from the continuous corrosion by the wind and rain as well as other geological changes. Plus many more as raids of several conquerors who passed from the area.
In order to access the monasteries up until the 20th century, people used wooden ladders and nets. Nowadays there is a proper roadway as well as many paths leading up to the monasteries. As years went by, many of the flourishing monasteries were driven to abandonment and destruction the period of decline after the 17th century.
Only 6(six) from the monasteries run until today.
- The transfiguration of the Great Meteora
- Holy Trinity
- St Nikolaos
- St Stephen
At each Holy Monastery there is a remarkable precious collection of manuscripts, icons and sacred heirlooms.
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